Telescopes Combine to Push Frontier on Galaxy Clusters

Chandra_622a_1024

chandra_622a March 10th, 2016

Credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Ogrean et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI; Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA

These two galaxy clusters are part of the "Frontier Fields" project, which uses some of the world's most powerful telescopes to study these giant structures with long observations. Galaxy clusters are enormous collections of hundreds or thousands of galaxies and vast reservoirs of hot gas embedded in massive clouds of dark matter. These images contain X-ray data from Chandra (blue), optical light from Hubble (red, green, and blue), and radio data from the Very Large Array (pink).

Provider: Chandra X-ray Observatory

Image Source: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2016/frontier/

Curator: Chandra X-ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA, USA

Image Use Policy: http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
MACS J0416.1-2403
Subject - Distant Universe
Galaxy > Grouping > Cluster
Cosmology > Phenomenon > Dark Matter

Distance

Universescale3
4,290,000,000 light years
Chandra_622a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 4h 16m 8.7s
DEC = -24° 4’ 28.8”
Orientation
North is 28.3° CCW
Field of View
3.4 x 3.4 arcminutes
Constellation
Eridanus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Chandra (ACIS) X-ray (X-ray) 826.7 pm
Blue Hubble (ACS) Optical (B-band) 434.0 nm
Green Hubble (ACS) Optical (V-band) 606.0 nm
Red Hubble (ACS) Optical (I-band) 814.0 nm
Magenta VLA Radio (S-band) 112.5 mm
Spectrum_xray2
Blue
Blue
Green
Red
Magenta
Chandra_622a_1280
×
ID
622a
Subject Category
D.5.5.3   D.6.2.3  
Subject Name
MACS J0416.1-2403
Credits
X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/G.Ogrean et al.; Optical: NASA/STScI; Radio: NSF/NRAO/VLA
Release Date
2016-03-10
Lightyears
4,290,000,000
Redshift
4,290,000,000
Reference Url
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/2016/frontier/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Facility
Chandra, Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, VLA
Instrument
ACIS, ACS, ACS, ACS, -
Color Assignment
Blue, Blue, Green, Red, Magenta
Band
X-ray, Optical, Optical, Optical, Radio
Bandpass
X-ray, B-band, V-band, I-band, S-band
Central Wavelength
0.8267, 434, 606, 814, 1.125e8
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
64.0363932, -24.0746540
Reference Dimension
3600.0, 3600.0
Reference Pixel
1801.0, 1801.0
Scale
1.5614e-05, 1.5613953e-05
Rotation
28.33
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
WCS retrieved using CXCs PinpointWCS
Creator (Curator)
Chandra X-ray Observatory
URL
http://chandra.harvard.edu
Name
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Email
cxcpub@cfa.harvard.edu
Telephone
617.496.7941
Address
60 Garden St.
City
Cambridge
State/Province
MA
Postal Code
02138
Country
USA
Rights
http://chandra.harvard.edu/photo/image_use.html
Publisher
Chandra X-ray Observatory Center
Publisher ID
chandra
Resource ID
frontier_macsj0416.tif
Metadata Date
2024-02-02T16:10:45-05:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
4,290,000,000 light years

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