Beauty From Chaos

Esahubble_potw2043a_1024

esahubble_potw2043a October 26th, 2020

Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Adamo et al.

Appearing within the boundless darkness of space, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope’s snapshot of NGC 34 looks more like an otherworldly, bioluminescent creature from the deep oceans than a galaxy. Lying in the constellation Cetus (The Sea Monster), the galaxy’s outer region appears almost translucent, pinpricked with stars and strange wispy tendrils. The main cause for this galaxy’s odd appearance lies in its past. If we were able to reverse time by a few million years, we would see two beautiful spiral galaxies on a direct collision course. When these galaxies collided into one another, their intricate patterns and spiral arms were permanently disturbed. This image shows the galaxy's bright centre, a result of this merging event that has created a burst of new star formation and lit up the surrounding gas. As the galaxies continue to intertwine and become one, NGC 34’s shape will become more like that of an peculiar galaxy, devoid of any distinct shape.  In the vastness of space, collisions between galaxies are quite rare events, but they can be numerous in mega-clusters containing hundreds or even thousands of galaxies.

Provider: Hubble Space Telescope | ESA

Image Source: https://esahubble.org/images/potw2043a/

Curator: ESA/Hubble, Baltimore, MD, United States

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
NGC 34
Subject - Local Universe
Galaxy > Type > Spiral
Esahubble_potw2043a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 0h 11m 7.8s
DEC = -12° 6’ 18.5”
Orientation
North is 95.0° CCW
Field of View
2.6 x 2.5 arcminutes
Constellation
Cetus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Hubble (WFC3) Optical (U) 336.0 nm
Blue Hubble (ACS) Optical (B) 435.0 nm
Green Hubble (WFC3) Optical (V) 555.0 nm
Red Hubble (ACS) Optical (I) 814.0 nm
Red Hubble (WFC3) Optical (H-alpha + N II) 665.0 nm
Spectrum_base
Blue
Blue
Green
Red
Red
Esahubble_potw2043a_1280
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ID
potw2043a
Subject Category
C.5.1.1  
Subject Name
NGC 34
Credits
ESA/Hubble & NASA, A. Adamo et al.
Release Date
2020-10-26T06:00:00
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://esahubble.org/images/potw2043a/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope
Instrument
WFC3, ACS, WFC3, ACS, WFC3
Color Assignment
Blue, Blue, Green, Red, Red
Band
Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical
Bandpass
U, B, V, I, H-alpha + N II
Central Wavelength
336, 435, 555, 814, 665
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
None, None, None, None, None
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
2.782601904099899, -12.105143254995287
Reference Dimension
3951.0, 3847.0
Reference Pixel
1975.5, 1923.5
Scale
-1.0968889197971533e-05, 1.0968889197971533e-05
Rotation
95.000000000000284
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
ESA/Hubble
URL
https://esahubble.org
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
ESA Office, Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr
City
Baltimore
State/Province
MD
Postal Code
21218
Country
United States
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
ESA/Hubble
Publisher ID
esahubble
Resource ID
potw2043a
Metadata Date
2020-08-27T14:09:53+02:00
Metadata Version
1.1
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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There is no distance meta data in this image.

 

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