Rho Ophiuchi cloud complex

Esahubble_weic2316a_1024

esahubble_weic2316a December 15th, 2023

Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, K. Pontoppidan (STScI), A. Pagan (STScI)

The first anniversary image from the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope displays star birth like it’s never been seen before, full of detailed, impressionistic texture. The subject is the Rho Ophiuchi cloud complex, the closest star-forming region to Earth. It is a relatively small, quiet stellar nursery, but you’d never know it from Webb’s chaotic close-up. Jets bursting from young stars crisscross the image, impacting the surrounding interstellar gas and lighting up molecular hydrogen, shown in red. Some stars display the telltale shadow of a circumstellar disc, the makings of future planetary systems. The young stars at the centre of many of these discs are similar in mass to the Sun or smaller. The heftiest in this image is the star S1, which appears amid a glowing cave it is carving out with its stellar winds in the lower half of the image. The lighter-coloured gas surrounding S1 consists of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, a family of carbon-based molecules that are among the most common compounds found in space. [Image description: Red dual opposing jets coming from young stars fill the darker top half of the image, while a glowing pale-yellow, cave-like structure is bottom centre, tilted toward two o’clock, with a bright star at its centre. The dust of the cave structure becomes wispy toward eight o’clock. Above the arched top of the dust cave three groupings of stars with diffraction spikes are arranged. A dark cloud sits at the top of the arch of the glowing dust cave, with one streamer curling down the right-hand side. The dark shadow of the cloud appears pinched in the centre, with light emerging in a triangle shape above and below the pinch, revealing the presence of a star inside the dark cloud. The image’s largest jets of red material emanate from within this dark cloud, thick and displaying structure like the rough face of a cliff, glowing brighter at the edges. At the top centre of the image, a star displays another, larger pinched dark shadow, this time vertically. To the left of this star is a more wispy, indistinct region.]

Provider: Hubble Space Telescope | ESA

Image Source: https://esahubble.org/images/weic2316a/

Curator: ESA/Hubble, Baltimore, MD, United States

Image Use Policy: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Esahubble_weic2316a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 16h 26m 30.6s
DEC = -24° 23’ 7.4”
Orientation
North is 80.6° CCW
Field of View
6.7 x 6.2 arcminutes
Constellation
Ophiuchus

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Webb (NIRCam) Infrared (P-alpha) 1.9 µm
Cyan Webb (NIRCam) Infrared (None) 2.0 µm
Cyan Webb (NIRCam) Infrared (PAH) 3.4 µm
Yellow Webb (NIRCam) Infrared (None) 4.4 µm
Red Webb (NIRCam) Infrared (molecular hydrogen) 4.7 µm
Spectrum_base
Blue
Cyan
Cyan
Yellow
Red
Esahubble_weic2316a_1280
×
ID
weic2316a
Subject Category
Subject Name
Credits
NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, K. Pontoppidan (STScI), A. Pagan (STScI)
Release Date
2023-12-15T10:00:00
Lightyears
Redshift
Reference Url
https://esahubble.org/images/weic2316a/
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Distance Notes
Facility
James Webb Space Telescope, James Webb Space Telescope, James Webb Space Telescope, James Webb Space Telescope, James Webb Space Telescope
Instrument
NIRCam, NIRCam, NIRCam, NIRCam, NIRCam
Color Assignment
Blue, Cyan, Cyan, Yellow, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
P-alpha, None, PAH, None, molecular hydrogen
Central Wavelength
1870, 2000, 3350, 4440, 4700
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
None, None, None, None, None
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
J2000
Reference Value
246.62735369816454, -24.385389506628655
Reference Dimension
12778.0, 11968.0
Reference Pixel
6389.0, 5984.0
Scale
-8.676279037044025e-06, 8.676279037044025e-06
Rotation
80.559999999999661
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
ESA/Hubble
URL
https://esahubble.org
Name
Email
Telephone
Address
ESA Office, Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Dr
City
Baltimore
State/Province
MD
Postal Code
21218
Country
United States
Rights
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher
ESA/Hubble
Publisher ID
esahubble
Resource ID
weic2316a
Metadata Date
2023-05-17T09:58:42-04:00
Metadata Version
1.1
×

 

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

×

There is no distance meta data in this image.

 

Providers | Sign In