Hubble's Sharpest View of the Orion Nebula

Stsci_2006-01a_1024

stsci_2006-01a January 11th, 2006

Credit: NASA, ESA, M. Robberto (Space Telescope Science Institute/ESA) and the Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team

This dramatic image offers a peek inside a cavern of roiling dust and gas where thousands of stars are forming. The image, taken by the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) aboard NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, represents the sharpest view ever taken of this region, called the Orion Nebula. More than 3,000 stars of various sizes appear in this image. Some of them have never been seen in visible light. These stars reside in a dramatic dust-and-gas landscape of plateaus, mountains, and valleys that are reminiscent of the Grand Canyon. The Orion Nebula is a picture book of star formation, from the massive, young stars that are shaping the nebula to the pillars of dense gas that may be the homes of budding stars. The bright central region is the home of the four heftiest stars in the nebula. The stars are called the Trapezium because they are arranged in a trapezoid pattern. Ultraviolet light unleashed by these stars is carving a cavity in the nebula and disrupting the growth of hundreds of smaller stars. Located near the Trapezium stars are stars still young enough to have disks of material encircling them. These disks are called protoplanetary disks or "proplyds" and are too small to see clearly in this image. The disks are the building blocks of solar systems. The bright glow at upper left is from M43, a small region being shaped by a massive, young star's ultraviolet light. Astronomers call the region a miniature Orion Nebula because only one star is sculpting the landscape. The Orion Nebula has four such stars. Next to M43 are dense, dark pillars of dust and gas that point toward the Trapezium. These pillars are resisting erosion from the Trapezium's intense ultraviolet light. The glowing region on the right reveals arcs and bubbles formed when stellar winds - streams of charged particles ejected from the Trapezium stars - collide with material. The faint red stars near the bottom are the myriad brown dwarfs that Hubble spied for the first time in the nebula in visib

Provider: Space Telescope Science Institute

Image Source: https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2006/news-2006-01

Curator: STScI, Baltimore, MD, USA

Image Use Policy: http://hubblesite.org/copyright/

Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
Orion Nebula M42 NGC 1976
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Appearance > Emission

Distance

Universescale1
1,500 light years
Stsci_2006-01a_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 5h 34m 56.5s
DEC = -5° 31’ 36.1”
Orientation
North is 0.1° CCW
Field of View
30.0 x 30.0 arcminutes
Constellation
Orion

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Hubble (ACS) Optical (B) 435.0 nm
Green Hubble (ACS) Optical (V) 555.0 nm
Red Hubble (ACS) Optical (Halpha) 658.0 nm
Red Hubble (ACS) Optical (i) 775.0 nm
Red Hubble (ACS) Optical (z) 850.0 nm
Blue ESO-2.2m Optical (B) 842.0 nm
Red ESO-2.2m Optical (Halpha) 856.0 nm
Red ESO-2.2m Optical ([S II]) 857.0 nm
Green ESO-2.2m Optical ([O III]) 959.0 nm
Hubble: October 2004 - April 2005; ESO Dec. 11, 2001
Spectrum_base
Blue
Green
Red
Red
Red
Blue
Red
Red
Green
Stsci_2006-01a_1280
×
ID
2006-01a
Subject Category
B.4.2.1  
Subject Name
Orion Nebula , M42, NGC 1976
Credits
NASA, ESA, M. Robberto (Space Telescope Science Institute/ESA) and the Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team
Release Date
2006-01-11T00:00:00
Lightyears
1,500
Redshift
1,500
Reference Url
https://hubblesite.org/contents/news-releases/2006/news-2006-01
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
The distance to the Orion Nebula is 1,500 light-years (460 parsecs).
Facility
Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, Hubble, ESO-2.2m, ESO-2.2m, ESO-2.2m, ESO-2.2m
Instrument
ACS, ACS, ACS, ACS, ACS, -, -, -, -
Color Assignment
Blue, Green, Red, Red, Red, Blue, Red, Red, Green
Band
Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical, Optical
Bandpass
B, V, Halpha, i, z, B, Halpha, [S II], [O III]
Central Wavelength
435, 555, 658, 775, 850, 842, 856, 857, 959
Start Time
2004-10-12, 2004-10-12, 2004-10-12, 2004-10-12, 2004-10-12, -, -, -, -
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
H
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
Reference Value
83.73532077870, -5.52670553949
Reference Dimension
4500.00, 4500.00
Reference Pixel
2744.495638653113, 3261.78422694846
Scale
-0.00011107662, 0.00011107662
Rotation
0.146828
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
Creator (Curator)
STScI
URL
http://hubblesite.org
Name
Space Telescope Science Institute Office of Public Outreach
Email
outreach@stsci.edu
Telephone
410-338-4444
Address
3700 San Martin Drive
City
Baltimore
State/Province
MD
Postal Code
21218
Country
USA
Rights
http://hubblesite.org/copyright/
Publisher
STScI
Publisher ID
stsci
Resource ID
STSCI-H-p0601a-f-18000x18000.tif
Resource URL
https://mast.stsci.edu/api/latest/Download/file?uri=mast:OPO/product/STSCI-H-p0601a-f-18000x18000.tif
Related Resources
http://hubblesite.org/newscenter/archive/releases/2006/01
Metadata Date
2022-07-06T00:00:00
Metadata Version
1.2
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Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

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Universescalefull
1,500 light years