Southern Ring Nebula (MIRI Image)

Stsci_2022-033c_1024

stsci_2022-033c July 12th, 2022

Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team

NASA’s Webb Telescope has revealed the cloak of dust around the second star, shown at left in red, at the center of the Southern Ring Nebula for the first time. It is a hot, dense white dwarf star.

As it transformed into a white dwarf, the star periodically ejected mass – the shells of material you see here. As if on repeat, it contracted, heated up – and then, unable to push out more material, pulsated.

At this stage, it should have shed its last layers. So why is the red star still cloaked in dust? Was material transferred from its companion? Researchers will begin to pursue answers soon.

The bluer star at right in this image has also shaped the scene. It helps stir up the ejected material. The disk around the stars is also wobbling, shooting out spirals of gas and dust over long periods of time. This scene is like witnessing a rotating sprinkler that’s finished shooting out material in all directions over thousands of years.

Webb captured this scene in mid-infrared light – which can only be observed from space. Mid-infrared light helps researchers detect objects enshrouded in dust, like the red star.

This Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) image also offers an incredible amount of detail, including a cache of distant galaxies in the background. Most of the multi-colored points of light are galaxies, not stars. Tiny triangles mark the circular edges of stars, including a blue one within the nebula’s red bottom-most edges, while galaxies look like misshapen circles, straight lines, and spirals.

For a full array of Webb’s first images and spectra, including downloadable files, please visit: https://webbtelescope.org/news/first-images

MIRI was contributed by ESA and NASA, with the instrument designed and built by a consortium of nationally funded European Institutes (The MIRI European Consortium) in partnership with JPL and the University of Arizona.

Provider: Space Telescope Science Institute

Image Source: https://webbtelescope.org/contents/news-releases/2022/news-2022-033

Curator: STScI, Baltimore, MD, USA

Image Use Policy: http://hubblesite.org/copyright/

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Image Details

Image Type
Observation
Object Name
NGC 3132 Southern Ring Nebula Eight-Burst Nebula
Subject - Milky Way
Nebula > Type > Planetary

Distance

Universescale1
2,000 light years
Stsci_2022-033c_128
 

Position Details

Position (ICRS)
RA = 10h 7m 1.7s
DEC = -40° 26’ 11.2”
Orientation
North is 124.8° CW
Field of View
2.4 x 2.1 arcminutes
Constellation
Vela

Color Mapping

  Telescope Spectral Band Wavelength
Blue Webb (MIR) Infrared 7.7 µm
Cyan Webb (MIRI) Infrared 11.3 µm
Green Webb (MIRI) Infrared 12.8 µm
Red Webb (MIRI) Infrared 18.0 µm
Spectrum_ir1
Blue
Cyan
Green
Red
Stsci_2022-033c_1280
×
ID
2022-033c
Subject Category
B.4.1.3  
Subject Name
NGC 3132, Southern Ring Nebula, Eight-Burst Nebula
Credits
NASA, ESA, CSA, STScI, Webb ERO Production Team
Release Date
2022-07-12T11:00:00
Lightyears
2,000
Redshift
2,000
Reference Url
https://webbtelescope.org/contents/news-releases/2022/news-2022-033
Type
Observation
Image Quality
Good
Distance Notes
Distance in lightyears
Facility
Webb, Webb, Webb, Webb
Instrument
MIR, MIRI, MIRI, MIRI
Color Assignment
Blue, Cyan, Green, Red
Band
Infrared, Infrared, Infrared, Infrared
Bandpass
Central Wavelength
7700, 11300, 12800, 18000
Start Time
Integration Time
Dataset ID
Notes
Coordinate Frame
ICRS
Equinox
2000.0
Reference Value
151.75705520150, -40.43643336052
Reference Dimension
1306.00, 1133.00
Reference Pixel
638.41201512293, 479.69819673708
Scale
-0.00003058462, 0.00003058462
Rotation
-124.75159098585
Coordinate System Projection:
TAN
Quality
Full
FITS Header
Notes
World Coordinate System resolved using PinpointWCS 0.9.2 revision 218+ by the Chandra X-ray Center FITS X FITS Y EPO X EPO Y 1134.77 691.17 648.66 557.01 938.71 694.00 457.29 516.24 1468.96 1092.56 886.29 1021.84 835.22 1192.41 246.35 979.37 1388.81 266.72 990.44 199.23 529.05 542.76 91.11 279.18 Center Pixel Coordinates: 653.00 151.76028786793 566.50 -40.43759760427
Creator (Curator)
STScI
URL
http://hubblesite.org
Name
Space Telescope Science Institute Office of Public Outreach
Email
outreach@stsci.edu
Telephone
410-338-4444
Address
3700 San Martin Drive
City
Baltimore
State/Province
MD
Postal Code
21218
Country
USA
Rights
http://hubblesite.org/copyright/
Publisher
STScI
Publisher ID
stsci
Resource ID
STSCI-J-p22033c-f-1306x1133.tif
Metadata Date
2022-07-05T17:42:52-04:00
Metadata Version
1.2
×

 

Detailed color mapping information coming soon...

×
Universescalefull
2,000 light years